Sociology-Anthropology (SOC, ANTH)

Professor: Ross (Chair)
Assistant Professors: Adams, McCall, Munson

  • Majors: Sociology-Anthropology, Medical Sociology
  • Concentrations: Anthropology, Sociology
  • Courses required for either Sociology-Anthropology concentration: 10
  • Courses required for Medical Sociology: 11
  • Math prerequisite (not counted in major) for Sociology-Anthropology: Math 123
  • Capstone requirement for either major: ANTH/SOC 430
  • Minors: Anthropology, Human Services, Sociology

The Sociology-Anthropology Department offers a major in sociology-anthropology with the requirement to concentrate elective coursework in either anthropology or sociology. Since the sociology-anthropology major involves a core foundation of study in both disciplines, students may not “double concentrate” in sociology and anthropology. Regardless of concentration area, students may minor in human services. The department also offers an interdisciplinary major in medical sociology, and students majoring in medical sociology may also minor in human services.

Major Requirements

Core courses required of all sociology-anthropology majors:
ANTH 114, 229; SOC 110, 240, and 330.

Additional requirements for either the anthropology or sociology concentration:

1. Anthropology Concentration:
ANTH 344, 430, and three ANTH electives. Students may also count a 4-credit course with travel outside the United States, any 4-credit Archaeology (ARCH) course, REL 226, or any FRN, GERM, or SPAN course numbered 221 or above as one of the ANTH electives.

2. Sociology Concentration:
SOC 344, 430, and three additional departmental electives, two of which must be from SOC 210, 220, 228, 231, 305, 310, 320, 334, or CJCR 300. SOC 222, 325, and 448 may not be counted as electives for the sociology concentration.

Course requirements for the interdisciplinary medical sociology major:

SOC 110, 222, 240, 310, 330, 344, 430, and either SOC 210 or 228; BIO 106, 107, or 110; and two electives from ANTH 310; BIO 222, 321, 323, 347; PHIL 219; PSY 242; and REL 120.

Though not required, students are also strongly encouraged to take SOC 325 and SOC 448.

Capstone Requirement

All majors must successfully complete ANTH/SOC 430.

Diversity and Writing Courses

The following courses satisfy the Domestic Cultural Diversity Requirement: SOC 110, 240, and 334. The following courses satisfy the Global Cultural Diversity Requirement: ANTH 114, 229, 230, 232, 310, 320, 334, and 344. The following courses, when scheduled as W courses, count toward the Writing Requirement: ANTH 230, 232 and 310; SOC 210, 222, 228, 231, and 330.

Minor Requirements

The Department of Sociology-Anthropology offers three minors: Anthropology, Human Services, and Sociology. 

A minor in Anthropology requires ANTH 114, 229, and three ANTH electives numbered 200 or above.

A minor in Human Services requires SOC 222, 325, and 448; either ANTH 229 or SOC 240; and either MATH 123 or 214.

A minor in Sociology requires SOC 110, 344, and three SOC electives from SOC 210, 220, 228 231, 240, 305, 310, 320, 330, 334, or 430.

Anthropology (ANTH)

114
INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY
Serves as an introduction to anthropology, including all four sub-fields of anthropology: cultural anthropology, archaeology, biological/physical anthropology, and anthropological linguistics. By looking at human societies holistically and across cultural contexts, anthropology offers a series of tools to address contemporary problems. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement.

229
CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Cultural anthropology seeks to explain the diversity of human societies, while looking for commonalities across them. Serves as a general introduction to the field of cultural anthropology, including an introduction to the history of anthropological research and the practice of ethnography. Topics include kinship, race, globalization, gender, social status, identity, and violence. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement.

230
ANTHROPOLOGY OF LATIN AMERICA
Examines the history of anthropology in Latin America, from early concerns with Native American populations in Central and South America to current concerns with cultural plurality, neoliberal economic reforms, and environmental conservation. Topics include European colonization, globalization, gender, and medical anthropology. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

232
ENVIRONMENTAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Anthropologists examine the interaction between people and the environment from many different perspectives. This course surveys several of these approaches to understanding human/environment interactions with particular emphasis on human adaptation to the environment across cultures and through time, as well as the current concerns with environmental sustainability and the social context of the environmental movement. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

310
FOOD AND CULTURE
Surveys the growing body of scholarship in food studies and the anthropology of food. Food production and consumption are examined in terms of human biology, culture, and social status across time from our evolutionary ancestors to the present day. Topics include systems of food production, the social and cultural context of agricultural settings, the rise of industrial agriculture and fast food, and social movements based on ideas about food, such as the organic and locavore movements. Prerequisite: ANTH 114, 229, or junior or senior standing. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

320
SPECIAL TOPICS IN ANTHROPOLOGY
Study of selected anthropological problems, theorists, or movements. Sample topics include art and society; ethnography and ethnology; applied anthropology; anthropology of gender, culture and agriculture; and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Prerequisite: ANTH 114, 229, or junior or senior standing. May be repeated for credit with consent of department when topics are different. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

334
ECONOMIC ANTHROPOLOGY
There is a tremendous diversity in how human societies organize themselves for production, distribution, and consumption. Both theoretical and practical, this course is an examination of the ways people organize themselves around these tasks. Students concerned about real-world business problems re-examine desire, decision-making, and the impact of culture on economic behavior, while anthropological theories are considered in terms of their practical utility for understanding observed economic behavior. Topics include the origins of economic systems, ancient economies, colonialism, globalization, and international commerce. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

344
ANTHROPOLOGICAL THEORY
Addresses the history of theory in anthropology, with a greater emphasis on theories used within cultural anthropology, although theoretical trends in archaeology, anthropological linguistics, and biological/physical anthropology are included to a more limited degree. The course is reading intensive and broad, including work by Franz Boas, Eric Wolf, Clifford Geertz, and Pierre Bourdieu among others. Prerequisite: ANTH 114, 229, or junior or senior standing. Fulfills Global Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

401
FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY
Participation in an approved archaeological dig or field school program, usually in the Near East or Mediterranean region. Includes instruction in excavation techniques, recording and processing of artifacts. A survey of excavation and research and the use of archaeology as a tool for elucidating historical and cultural changes. Under certain circumstances, participation in an archaeological field school in North, Central, or South America or elsewhere may be accepted. Cross-listed as ARCH 401, and as REL 401 for Mediterranean and Near Eastern digs only. Students desiring credit toward the Religion major or Humanities Distribution Requirement should register for REL 401; students desiring credit toward the Anthropology major or Social Science Distribution Requirement should register for ANTH 401; students desiring credit toward the Archaeology major should register for ARCH 401. Special fees apply. May Term or Summer Sessions only.

430
RESEARCH METHODS II 
Building on the research skills acquired during a first course in research methodology, students complete an original quantitative or qualitative research project utilizing one of the many data collection strategies available to sociologists and anthropologists such as field work, content analysis, surveys, qualitative interviews, experimental design, secondary data analysis, or program evaluation. Topic selection is of individual student’s choice. Cross-listed with SOC 430. Prerequisite: SOC 330.

470-479
INTERNSHIP  
Anthropology internship experiences, such as with the Lycoming County Historical Museum, are available.

N80-N89
INDEPENDENT STUDY
An opportunity to pursue specific interests and topics not usually covered in regular courses. Through a program of readings and tutorials, the student will have the opportunity to pursue these interests and topics in greater depth than is usually possible in a regular course.

490-491

INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS

Sociology (SOC)

110
INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
An introduction to the problems, concepts, and methods in sociology today, including analysis of stratification, organization of groups and institutions, social movements, and deviants in social structure. Fulfills Domestic Cultural Diversity Requirement.

210
SOCIOLOGY OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ILLNESS
An examination of the concepts of mental health and mental illness from a sociological perspective. Major issues addressed include a consideration of the meaning and implications of the term “mental illness,” an examination of the most important sociological and social psychological theories of mental illness and mental health, an examination of the social responses that American culture has traditionally afforded the condition of mental illness, and an analysis of historical and modern methods of treatment. Alternate years.

220
SOCIOLOGY OF FAMILY
Examines American families from a sociological perspective with particular emphasis on the interplay of family as it relates to other social institutions such as economic, political, educational, religious, and legal institutions. Addresses the multiple forms of family and examines racial, ethnic, and social class variations as well as family as a gendered institution and its implications for men’s and women’s lives.

222

INTRODUCTION TO HUMAN SERVICES
Intended for students interested in learning about, or entering, the human services profession. A review of the history, the range, and the goals of human services together with a survey of various strategies and approaches to human problems. Includes a community service component.

228
AGING AND SOCIETY
Analysis of cross-cultural characteristics of the aged as individuals and as members of groups. Emphasis is placed upon media portrayals as well as such variables as health, housing, socioeconomic status, personal adjustment, retirement, and social participation. Utilizes sociological, social psychological, and anthropological frames of reference in analysis and description of aging and its relationship to the individual and society. Alternate years.

231

SOCIOLOGY OF WAR AND THE MILITARY
Through an emphasis on the American military and American wars of the later 20th and early 21st centuries, this course examines the modern military as a social institution and includes discussion of the origins, nature, experience, social consequences, and future of warfare. Addresses implications and consequences of having rebuilt the American military following the Vietnam War with an all-volunteer force, including the demographic transformations, the military as employee recruiter, the planned reliance upon reserve forces, the impact on civilian-military relations, and the impact of fighting protracted wars with a volunteer force. Alternate years.

240
RACE, CLASS, GENDER, AND SEXUALITY
A survey course in the sociological field of social inequality. Explores the explanations and persistence of poverty and inequality. Consideration is given to how dynamics of race, class, and gender and sexuality interact, creating historically specific and enduring patterns of inequality. Among the subjects explored are class, race/ethnicity, gender, sexuality, intersectionality, power, elites, poverty, social mobility, and status attainment. While most of the focus is on the United States, these subjects are also explored within comparative and historical frameworks. Fulfills Domestic Cultural Diversity Requirement.

305
SOCIOLOGY OF LAW
Examines law as a social institution involving an interactive process: on the one hand, law is created and maintained by human beings, and on the other hand, law provides the structure within which human beings develop values pertaining to justice and injustice. Examines how law is utilized to address social problems, settle disputes, and exert power over others. Specific attention is given to the legal social control of race, class, and gender. Addresses how law permeates all facets of life from personal identity to the development of domestic institutions to the governing of international relations. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or junior or senior standing. Alternate years.

310
MEDICAL SOCIOLOGY   
Examines the social contexts of health, illness, and medicine. Prominence is given to the debates and contrasting perspectives that characterize the field of medical sociology. Topics include the social environmental and occupational factors in health and illness, the development of the health professions, ethical issues in medicine, healthcare reform, and the conundrum of managed care. In exploring these topics, emphasis is placed on how the socially constructed categories of gender, race/ethnicity, social class, and age relate with physical and mental health, illness, and health care.Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or higher. SOC 110 is recommended but not required. Alternate years.

320
SPECIAL TOPICS IN SOCIOLOGY
Study of selected sociological problems, theorists, or movements. Sample topics include sociology of education, environmental sociology, art and society, sociology of childhood, and media and culture. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or junior or senior standing. May be repeated for credit with consent of department when topics are different. Alternate years.

325
PROGRAM EVALUATION AND GRANT WRITING
Introduces a range of basic quantitative and qualitative research methods with emphasis on application of these to the evaluation of social programs. Topics include observational and qualitative methods, survey and interview (structured and unstructured) techniques, using data from records and archives, and data analysis. Students learn about the application of the research process and skills in all phases of assessing a social policy and developing a social program, including needs assessment, implementation analysis, and evaluation of policy or program effectiveness. In addition, a portion of the course covers the process of grant writing in the non-profit arena. The class completes either a community assessment or a program evaluation and prepares a grant application for a local non-profit human service organization. Prerequisites: SOC 222 and either MATH 123 or 214. Alternate years.

330
RESEARCH METHODS I
In studying the research process in sociology-anthropology, attention is given to the process of designing and administering both qualitative and quantitative research. Students complete an original field work project in a public setting. Additionally, students learn to compile and analyze quantitative data through a statistical software package. Different methodological skills considered include field work, survey design, experiments, content analysis, use of secondary data analysis and existing statistics, and qualitative interviews. Prerequisites: SOC 110 and MATH 123.

334
AMERICAN IMMIGRATION
A course on US immigration and assimilation that encompasses America’s multicultural diversity and covers the historical significance of US immigration and the experience of immigrants from 1492 until the present day. Explores comparisons between when and why groups immigrate as well as their various successes and failures. Facilitates an increased understanding of cultural identity by providing a forum to discuss and better understand cultural differences; investigates the mechanisms and consequences of prejudice, oppression, and discrimination on American minority groups; and explores personal beliefs about human differences. Prerequisite: SOC 110 or junior or senior standing. Fulfills Domestic Cultural Diversity Requirement. Alternate years.

344
SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY
Delves into the heart of the discipline of sociology and the modes of thinking utilized in developing its substantive subfields such as social stratification, economic sociology, medical sociology, political sociology, legal sociology, and family sociology. Explores theoretical developments by both classical and contemporary sociologists who created and continue to create theoretical pathways to more fully understand the workings of society at both the macro- and micro-level. Spanning approximately 200 years of social thought, the course examines the ways in which social theorists tried—and continue to strive—to make sense of unsettling developing phenomena such as political revolutions, the industrial revolution, rapid urbanization, social movements, and globalization. Prerequisite: SOC 110. Alternate years.

430
RESEARCH METHODS II
Building on the research skills acquired during a first course in research methodology, students complete an original quantitative or qualitative research project utilizing one of the many data collection strategies available to sociologists and anthropologists such as field work, content analysis, surveys, qualitative interviews, experimental design, secondary data analysis, or program evaluation. Topic selection is of individual student’s choice. Cross-listed as ANTH 430. Prerequisite: SOC 325, SOC 330, or CJCR 343.

448
PRACTICUM IN SOCIOLOGY-ANTHROPOLOGY
Provides students with the opportunity to apply a socio-cultural perspective to any of a number of organizational settings in the Williamsport area. As the basis for the course, students arrange an internship in the local community. At the same time as the student is contributing time and talent to the organization in question, he/she will also be observing, from a socio-cultural perspective, the events, activities, structure, and dynamics of the organization. These experiences will be supplemented by academic readings, a regularly scheduled seminar, and the keeping of a detailed field journal. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

470-479
INTERNSHIP  
Interns in sociology typically work off campus with social service agencies under the supervision of administrators.

N80-N89
INDEPENDENT STUDY 
An opportunity to pursue specific interests and topics not usually covered in regular courses. Through a program of readings and tutorials, the student has the opportunity to pursue these interests and topics in greater depth than is usually possible in a regular course.

490-491
INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS