Chemistry (CHEM)

Professor: McDonaldAssociate Professor: Bendorf
Assistant Professors: Mahler (Chairperson), Ramsey

The Department of Chemistry offers both B.A. and B.S. degree programs, and is approved by the American Chemical Society (ACS) to certify those students whose programs meet or exceed requirements established by the ACS. Students who complete the ACS certified degree are also eligible for admission to the American Chemical Society following graduation.

For students planning on graduate study in chemistry, German is the preferred foreign language option, and additional courses in advanced mathematics and computer science are also recommended.

The following courses, when scheduled as W courses, count toward the writing intensive requirement: CHEM  232, 330, 331, and 449.

The B.A. degree

To earn the B.A. degree a student must complete CHEM 110-111, 220-221, 232, 330-331, 333; PHYS 225-226; MATH 128-129; and, the Capstone experience. The Capstone experience for Chemistry majors:  In order to graduate, all chemistry majors must demonstrate to the Department their command of chemistry by: 1) passing a Chemistry Department proficiency exam; and 2) completing one of the following: CHEM 449, 470, 490 or the Professional Semester (EDUC 446, 447, 449).

The B.S. degree

To earn the B.S. degree a student must complete the thirteen course major described above as well as three unit courses in chemistry at the 400-level. One unit course from the following list may be substituted for one 400-level chemistry course: PHYS 331 or above; BIO 222 or above; MATH 123, 130, 214, 216, 231, 238, 332; or CPTR 125.

ACS Certification

To earn ACS certification, a student must complete the requirements described above under the B.A. degree as well as CHEM 443, 444, and one additional course from CHEM 440, 442 or 446. Students completing this program of study may elect to receive either the B.A. or the B.S. degree.

Certification in Secondary Education

A Chemistry major interested in becoming certified in secondary education in Chemistry and/or General Science/Chemistry should, as early as possible, consult the current Department of Education Teacher Education Handbook and make their plans known to their advisor and the Chair of the Education Department so the required courses can be scheduled for the Professional Semester. A Chemistry major who successfully completes the Professional Semester (EDUC 446, 447, 449) has also satisfied the Chemistry Capstone experience.  Please check with the Education Department for the most current PA State requirements.

Minor

A minor in chemistry requires completion of CHEM 110-111, 220-221, and two CHEM courses numbered 300 or higher. Chemistry 232 may be substituted for one 300-level course.

000
LABORATORY TEACHING METHODS
This course provides students with practical experience in laboratory teaching. Students in this course are paired with a faculty mentor and help supervise labs, deliver prelab lectures and assist in ordering chemicals and prepping laboratory experiments. Students complete a project that integrates the chemical education literature, classroom instruction materials, laboratory safety and chemical procurement, storage and disposal. Open to junior chemistry majors pursuing certification in education, with consent of the instructor. Non-credit course.

100
CHEMISTRY IN CONTEXT
A science distribution course for the non-science major. The course explores real-world societal issues that have important chemical components. Topics covered may include air and water quality, the ozone layer, global warming, energy, acid rain, nuclear power, pharmaceuticals and nutrition. The chemistry knowledge associated with the issues is built on a need-to-know basis. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour laboratory period each week. Not open for credit to students who have received credit for CHEM 110.

101
INVESTIGATING CHEMISTRY
Intended for the non-major, this course will introduce the fundamental concepts of chemistry through the perspective of forensic science.  Case studies based upon actual crimes and an investigative laboratory experience will be used to illustrate the importance of chemistry to forensics as well as everyday life.  Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period each week.  Not open to students that have received credit for CHEM 110.

102
CHEMISTRY OF FOOD AND COOKING
Intended for the non-major, this course introduces students to chemical principles, with an emphasis on organic chemistry. Topics covered include: the chemical composition of food, the chemistry of nutrition, and the physical and chemical changes that occur during cooking. Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period each week. Not open to students that have received credit for CHEM 110.

110
GENERAL CHEMISTRY I
A quantitative introduction to the concepts and models of chemistry. Topics include stoichiometry, atomic and molecular structure, nomenclature, bonding, thermochemistry, gases, solutions, and chemical reactions. The laboratory introduces the student to methods of separation, purification, and identification of compounds according to their physical properties. This course is designed for students who plan to major in one of the sciences. Three hours lecture, one hour of discussion and one three-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: MATH 100 or consent of department.

111
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II
A continuation of CHEM 110, with emphasis placed on the foundations of analytical, inorganic, and physical chemistry. Topics include kinetics, equilibria, acid-base theory, electrochemistry, thermodynamics, nuclear chemistry, coordination chemistry, and descriptive inorganic chemistry of selected elements. The laboratory treats aspects of quantitative and qualitative inorganic analysis. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, and one three-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in CHEM 110 or consent of instructor.

215
ORGANIC AND BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
A descriptive study of the compounds of carbon. This course illustrates the principles of organic chemistry with material relevant to students in biology. Topics include nomenclature, mechanism, alkanes, arenes, amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates and other naturally occurring compounds. This course is designed for students who require only one semester of organic chemistry, and is not intended for students planning to enroll in chemistry courses numbered 220 or above. Three hours of lecture, one hour of discussion, and one three-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 111. Not open for credit to students who have received credit  for CHEM 220.

220
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I
An introduction to the chemistry of the compounds of carbon. Topics include structure and bonding, nomenclature, conformational analysis, stereochemistry, substitution and elimination chemistry, alkenes, alkynes, IR spectroscopy and organic synthesis. Techniques for the synthesis, purification and characterization of organic compounds are introduced in the laboratory. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 111.

221
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II
A continuation of CHEM 220 with emphasis on the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds. Topics include the chemistry of alcohols, dienes, arenes, and carbonyl compounds, NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and radical chemistry. The laboratory work includes multi-step syntheses, mechanistic studies and characterization of organic compounds using a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: A grade of C- or better in CHEM 220.

232
QUANTITATIVE CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
A quantitative introduction to chemical analysis by chemical and instrumental methods.  Topics include statistics, data analysis, titration, gravimetric analysis, and equilibrium, as well as an introduction to the fundamentals of spectroscopy, separation science, and electrochemistry.  An emphasis is placed on oral methods for reporting of experimental results Three hours of lecture and two three-hour laboratory periods each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 111 or consent of instructor.

330
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY I
A study of energy in chemistry and its reactions, including in-depth gas laws, thermodynamics, phases and physical transformations of pure substances and mixtures, equilibrium, electrochemistry, and statistical mechanics. The laboratory involves physicochemical measurements of thermodynamic properties. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisites: CHEM 111, MATH 129, PHYS 225-226; or consent of instructor.

331
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY II
A continuation of CHEM 330 with emphasis on time and structure in chemistry and its reactions. Topics include molecular motion, rates of reactions and kinetics, molecular reaction dynamics, quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structure and their relation to spectroscopy. The laboratory introduces kinetics and quantum mechanics experiments, as well as student projects. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 330.

333
ADVANCED INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
A study of modern theories of atomic and molecular structure and their relationship to the chemistry of selected elements and their compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisites: CHEM 221 (CHEM 330 preferred, but not required); or consent      of instructor.

439
INTRODUCTION TO QUANTUM MECHANICS
Introduction to the basic concepts and principles of quantum theory. Solutions to the free particle, the simple harmonic oscillator, the hydrogen atom, and other central force problems are presented using the Schrodinger wave equation approach. Topics also include operator formalism, eigenstates, eigenvalues, the uncertainty principles, stationary states, representation of wave functions by eigenstate expansions, and the Heisenberg matrix approach. Four hours of lecture. Prerequisites: Either PHYS 226 or CHEM 331, and MATH 231. Cross-listed as PHYS 439.

440
ADVANCED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Theory and application of modern synthetic organic chemistry. Topics may include oxidation-reduction processes, carbon-carbon bond forming reactions, functional group transformations, and multi-step syntheses of natural products (antibiotics, antitumor agents, and antiviral agents). Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period. Prerequisite: CHEM 221.

442
SPECTROSCOPY AND MOLECULAR STRUCTURE
Theory and application of the identification of organic compounds. With special emphasis on the utilization of spectroscopic techniques (H-NMR, C-NMR, IR, UV-VIS, and MS). Three of hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 221.

443
INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS
An introduction to the operation and function of modern chemical instrumentation.  Topics include instrumentation for molecular, vibrational, and atomic spectoscopy; pressure- and electrically-driven separation science; as well as potentiometric and voltammetric electrochemical techniques. Three hours lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisites: CHEM 232 and 331 or consent of instructor.

444
BIOCHEMISTRY
Emphasis is given to protein structure, function and regulation; the structure and metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and amino acids; integration of metabolism; and biochemical control mechanisms, including allosteric control, and signal transduction. Three hours of lecture and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: CHEM 221, or consent of instructor. Cross-listed as CHEM 444.

446
ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY
An introduction to the chemistry of compounds containing metal-carbon bonds. Topics include structure and bonding, reactions and mechanisms, spectroscopy, and applications to organic synthesis. The use of organometallic compounds as catalysts in industrial processes is emphasized. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory period each week. Prerequisite: CHEM 221.

448
CHEMISTRY COLLOQUIUM
A seminar in which faculty, students and invited professional chemists discuss their research activities. Non-credit course. Please note that attendance at Chemistry Colloquium is voluntary. Colloquium presentations by students are part of the course requirements for Chemistry Research Methods, Internship, and Honors. 

449
CHEMISTRY RESEARCH METHODS
This course focuses on the nature and practice of chemistry. Students conduct research into a particular chemical problem with a faculty research advisor, and explore different aspects of chemistry and discuss their research in a weekly seminar. A report on the research is written. Majors are strongly encouraged to enroll in this course in either their junior or senior year. Eight to ten hours of laboratory work and one hour seminar each week. Prerequisites: CHEM 221 and consent of instructor; Corequisite: CHEM 330.

470-479
INTERNSHIP (See index)
The student ordinarily works under supervision in an industrial laboratory and submits a written report on the project. To satisfy the Chemistry Capstone requirement, participation in the seminar portion of CHEM 449 is required.

N80-N89
INDEPENDENT STUDY (See index)
The student ordinarily works on a laboratory research project and writes a thesis on the work.

490-491
INDEPENDENT STUDY FOR DEPARTMENTAL HONORS (See index)

  1. The student ordinarily works on a laboratory research project with emphasis on showing initiative and making a scholarly contribution. A thesis is written. To satisfy the Chemistry Capstone requirement, participation in the seminar portion of CHEM 449 is required