Archaeology and Culture of the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean (ARCH)

Assistant Professor: Knauth (Coordinator)
Instructors: Gaber, Dever

The interdisciplinary major in Archaeology and Culture of the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean (ARCH) is designed to acquaint students with the “cradle of Western civilization.”

The major requires completion of ten courses relevant to the study of the ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds plus colloquium and a capstone experience:

1. Six core courses:
   REL 226 Biblical Archaeology
   ANTH 229 Cultural Anthropology or ANTH 344 Anthropological Theory
   HIST 210 Ancient History or REL 323 Hellenistic-Roman Cultural World
   ART 222 Survey of Art I: Ancient, Medieval, and Non-Western
   REL 328 History and Culture of the Ancient Near East
   ARCH 449 Archaeological Theory and Method

2. Two courses in ancient language study (at least one of which must be at the 102 level or
   above) from:
    GRK 101-102, 221, 222 Biblical Greek Grammar and Readings
    HEBR 101-102, 221, 222 Biblical Hebrew Grammar and Readings
    LAT 101, 102, 221, 222 Latin Grammar and Readings
    (Akkadian, Arabic, Classical Greek, Coptic, or Modern Hebrew may be substituted.)
    Although not included in the major, the study of German and/or French is strongly       
    recommended for those planning to pursue graduate studies in the field.

3. Two additional courses from Archaeology and related disciplines, at least one of which  
    must be numbered 200 or above, chosen
from the following:
   ARCH/ANTH/REL 401 (Field Archaeology);
   Other ARCH courses excluding 348/448 (colloquium) and 402*;
   HIST 210 or REL 323 (not counting as a core course);
   Anthropology (ANTH 114, 229, 230, 232, 234, 310, 320, 344);
   Biblical literature (REL 113, 114, 333, 337, 433);
   Ceramics (ART 119 or 229);
   Classical literature and rhetoric (ENGL 218, 225);
   Geology (ASTR 102 or 112, 104);
   Ancient Greek philosophy (PHIL 301);
   Judaism and Islam (HIST 232; REL 210, 211, 212);
   Middle Eastern politics /political conflict (PSCI 342, 361, 362, 367).

  Other courses from the fields of art, economics, history, literature, philosophy, political science, and religion (or other related fields), including independent study 
  projects, may be substituted subject to approval by the supervisory committee.

 *ARCH 402 may be applied to the major as an extra course, but may not take the place of a full-unit course.

4. Archaeology Colloquium:
     When declared majors studying on campus, juniors and seniors are required to complete
     ARCH 348/448 every semester that it is offered for a maximum of four semesters.
     Students considering study abroad in their junior year should take ARCH 348 in their
     sophomore year.

5. The capstone experience consists of the following components:

1) Practical Experience:
All students must either:
a) participate in an approved archaeological field school (students must keep and submit a journal documenting all aspects of the experience); or
b) complete a relevant internship (students must keep and submit a journal documenting the experience).

2) Colloquium Presentation:
Majors are required to give a colloquium presentation in their senior year. The presentation will normally be based on the student’s ARCH 449 seminar research project and/or practical experience, and must present significant independent research relating to archaeology.

3) Portfolio:
Senior majors must submit a portfolio of their best work from contributing courses, representing their level of mastery in the related disciplines. The portfolio will also include a short essay briefly reflecting on the student’s experience in the major.

The portfolio and dig/internship journal will be submitted for approval at the time of the senior colloquium presentation or within one week thereafter, along with a hard copy of the colloquium presentation and write-up of underlying research.  The final seminar paper and subsequently completed major papers will be added during the final semester as they are completed.

The following courses satisfy the cultural diversity requirement: ANTH 114, 229, 230, 232, 234, 310, 320, 344, ART 222, PSCI 367, REL 210, 211, 212, 226, 323, 328, 333.

The following courses, when scheduled as W courses, count toward the writing intensive requirement: ARCH 449, ART 222, ENGL 225, REL 323, 333, 337, 433.

Minor

An interdisciplinary minor in Archaeology and Culture of the Ancient Near East and Mediterranean requires completion of one archaeology course from REL 226 or ANTH/ARCH/ REL 401, and four additional full-unit courses – at least three of which must be numbered 200 or higher – from:

ANTH/ARCH/ REL 401 Field Archaeology
Other ARCH courses at the discretion of the supervisory committee
ANTH 114, 229, 230, 232, 234, 310, or 320 Anthropology (only one allowed)
ANTH 344 Anthropological Theory
ART 222 Survey of Art I: Ancient, Medieval, and Non-Western
ASTR 102 or 112 Geology
HIST 210 Ancient History
HIST 232 or REL 212 Islam
REL 226 Biblical Archaeology
REL 323 Hellenistic-Roman Cultural World
REL 328 History and Culture of the Ancient Near East
REL 113, 114, 210, 333, 337, or 433 Biblical or Judaic studies (only one allowed)

At least two of these courses must be from outside the Religion Department.

201
INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY METHOD AND THEORY
Archaeology is the study of past cultures and societies through their material remains.  This course utilizes actual field experience along with laboratory exercises, text-based instruction and discussion to introduce archaeological field methods as applied in the context of modern American archaeological investigation, along with the theory underlying them.  A variety of techniques for investigating, reconstructing, interpreting, preserving, and ultimately learning from the past are also examined and utilized.  A basic human cultural chronology for Native American civilization is established as a context for understanding important ideological and socio-economic factors.  The fieldwork component of the course includes site testing and preliminary assessment, development of research design, establishment of an excavation grid, and excavation by both arbitrary and natural strata.  Students also identify, label and catalog artifacts, complete site records, provide top plans and balk drawings, and contribute to a final site report.  Additional lab fee and lab times required for excavation.  Alternate years.

348 & 448
ARCHAEOLOGY COLLOQUIUM
A forum for senior presentations, faculty and outside speakers relating to archaeology, plus occasional outside workshops and events.  A letter grade is assigned when the student gives a presentation, otherwise the grade will be P/F.  Required when offered of all junior and senior declared majors studying on campus. One hour per week.  Non-credit seminar. 

401
FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY
Participation in an approved archaeological dig or field school program, usually in the Near East or Mediterranean region. Includes instruction in excavation techniques, recording and processing of artifacts. A survey of excavation and research and the use of archaeology as a tool for elucidating historical and cultural changes. Special fees apply. May Term or Summer Sessions only. Cross-listed as ANTH 401 and as REL 401 for Mediterranean & Near Eastern Digs only. Students desiring credit toward the Religion major or humanities distribution requirement should register for REL 401.

401
FIELD ARCHAEOLOGY
Participation in an approved archaeological dig or field school program, usually in the Near East or Mediterranean region. Includes instruction in excavation techniques, recording and processing of artifacts. A survey of excavation and research and the use of archaeology as a tool for elucidating historical and cultural changes. Under certain circumstances, participation in an archaeological field school in North, Central, or South America, or elsewhere may be accepted. Special fees apply. May Term or Summer Sessions only. Cross-listed as ANTH 401, and as REL 401 for Mediterranean and Near Eastern digs only. Students desiring credit toward the Religion major or humanities distribution requirement should register for REL 401.

402
TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Directed research in archaeology, normally conducted in conjunction with an archaeological excavation project.  A substantial research paper is required, making significant use of archaeological data and highlighting the relationship between field archaeology and history, art history, or related archaeological sciences.  Possible topics for work in Cyprus could include ancient trade, city-state development in Cyprus, relations between Cyprus and the Levant, and Cyprus in an ancient Near Eastern context.  Other topics are possible with approval of the instructor.  Research in Cyprus is conducted at the Cyprus American Archaeological Research Institute and the library of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus.  One-half unit of credit.  May be repeated for credit with departmental consent.  Co-requisite ARCH/REL 401 or consent of instructor.

421
ARCHAEOLOGICAL FIELD SUPERVISION
Participation in an archaeological excavation or field school program at the level of assistant supervisor or above. Includes instruction in on-site supervision of daily digging, record-keeping, and interpretation of finds, and/or specialized training in excavation project coordination, data processing, or analysis of specific types of material culture. Research project required. Prerequisite: ARCH/REL 401 or equivalent experience. Special fees apply. May Term or Summer Sessions only.

449
ARCHAEOLOGICAL THEORY AND METHOD
This seminar acquaints the student with the evolution of archaeological thinking over the past century. Current archaeological theory is covered in some detail; students will learn to identify, examine, and evaluate specific theories. Each student also prepares and presents a substantial research project. Prerequisite: ANTH 229 or 344, plus two courses from ART 222I, REL 226, 323 and 328, plus an excavation or internship experience, or consent of instructor.

470-479
INTERNSHIP (See index)
Interns in archaeology usually work in historical museums or art museums under the supervision of a museum director/curator/archaeologist and a member of the faculty. Course can also be designated as ART, HIST, or REL and taken through the relevant department.

N80-89
INDEPENDENT STUDY (See index)
This course represents an opportunity to pursue specific research interests not usually covered in regular courses. Course can also be designated as ART, HIST, or REL and taken through the relevant department.