Aerial view of campus with Williamsport, the Susquehanna River and Bald Eagle Mountain as a backdrop

Energy Studies Minor

The minor in Energy Studies is designed for students majoring in one of the Natural Science disciplines to combine their knowledge of energy systems in the natural sciences with an understanding of the policy, economic, and social issues surrounding energy production and utilization at the local, national, and global level.

Open only to students with majors in the natural sciences, namely Astronomy, Astrophysics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. No more than two courses may count toward other majors or minors.

Students who complete the energy studies minor will:

  • Develop an understanding of the political and economic context for energy production and consumption at the local, national and global level.
  • Learn the language and underlying science of energy.
  • Be able to analyze the connections between the science of energy, its production and consumption, and the political and economic contest across energy systems.
  • Be able to communicate effectively to a variety of audiences the complex connections between the science of energy and the politics and economics of energy.

Required Courses

  • PSCI 226 The Politics of Energy
  • ECON 225 Environmental and Resource Economics

Select two of the following courses:

  • ANTH 232 Environmental Anthropology
  • BUS 200 The Business of Energy
  • CCOM 335 Public Communication of Science
  • HIST 200 Energy, Security, and Global Competition
  • PHIL 228 Philosophy and the Environment
  • PSCI 338 Environmental Law and Politics

Select two of the following courses (must come from two prefixes):

  • ASTR 104 Field Geology
  • ASTR 112 Fundamentals of Geology
  • BIO 220 Environmental Biology
  • BIO 224 Ecology
  • CHEM 330 Physical Chemistry I
  • PHYS 337 Thermodynamics