Aerial view of campus with Williamsport, the Susquehanna River and Bald Eagle Mountain as a backdrop

Energy Science Minor

The Energy Science Minor is designed for students with majors outside the natural sciences to combine their understanding of the policy, economic, and social issues surrounding energy production and utilization at the local, national, and global level with science literacy on issues of energy drawn from the disciplines of biology, chemistry, geology, and physics.

Open only to students with majors other than the natural sciences, namely Astronomy, Astrophysics, Biology, Chemistry, and Physics. No more than two courses may count toward other majors or minors.

Students who complete the energy science minor will:

  • Develop literacy in the science of energy across its forms.
  • Develop an understanding of the political and economic context for energy production and consumption at the local, national and global level.
  • Be able to analyze the connections between the science of energy, its production and consumption, and the political and economic contest across energy systems.
  • Be able to communicate effectively to a variety of audiences the complex connections between the science of energy and the politics and economics of energy.

Required Courses

  • PSCI 226 The Politics of Energy
  • CHEM 200 The Science of Energy

Select one of the following courses:

  • ANTH 232 Environmental Anthropology
  • BUS 200 The Business of Energy
  • CCOM 335 Public Communication of Science
  • ECON 225 Environmental and Resource Economics
  • HIST 200 Energy, Security, and Global Competition
  • PHIL 228 Philosophy and the Environment
  • PSCI 338 Environmental Law and Politics

Select three of the following courses (at least one of which must be numbered 200 or above):

Students may request to substitute relevant, upper-level natural science courses to complete the minor’s natural science course requirements.

  • ASTR 104 Field Geology
  • ASTR 112 Fundamentals of Geology
  • BIO 220 Environmental Biology
  • BIO 224 Ecology
  • CHEM 110 General Chemistry 1
  • PHYS 106 Energy Alternatives