Please note that almost all of the ‘discussion questions’ are useful (i.e.
the first several exercises for each chapter);

Kinetic Theory of ideal gases; Molecular motion in gases; Various speeds (mean, rms, etc.); Mean free path, collision flux and collision frequency; Effusion and Graham’s Law; Flux and the three transport properties of ideal gases – diffusion, thermal conductivity, viscosity (and their coefficients and units); Molecular motion and viscosity in liquids; Conductance and (molar) conductivity, limiting molar conductivity, strong and weak electrolytes; Kohlrausch’s Law, law of independent migration of ions, degree of ionization, α, or deprotonation, and Ostwald’s Law.

**Chapter 24**: Exercises 5, 8, 9 (mean speed, mean free path, collision
frequency), 11 (collision flux), 12 (effusion), 14 (thermal conductivity), 16,
17 (effusion), 28 (limiting molar conductivity).** **

** **

** **

**Chapter 25, **
all sections (all, 1-8, 8b new)

Kinetics - some lab techniques for measuring it (real time, flow, and stopped flow methods, flash photolysis, quenching, isolation and initial rates methods); rate, stoichiometric number and rate of formation/consumption; rate laws, rate constant (and units), order (overall and of individual species, indefinite order); differential and integrated rate laws (0th, 1st, 2nd order); half-lives and k; Reactions approaching equilibrium - relaxation and temperature jump method; Arrhenius equation and parameters (activation energy and frequency factor), temperature dependence of rate;. Reaction Mechanisms; Elementary reactions – molecularity; observed vs. predicted (theoretical) rate laws; Consecutive elementary reactions; Three assumptions used to determine rate laws from mechanisms: rate determining step, steady state approximation, pre-equilibrium (plus uses, conditions of each); Kinetic isotope effect (primary and secondary) and causes; Unimolecular reactions and the Lindemann-Hinshelwood mechanism, assumptions needed to make it first and second order;* Activation energy of a composite reaction – positive and negative activation energies.

** **

**Chapter 25**:
Exercises 6, 7, 8 (rates, rate laws, rate constants), 9, 10 (orders of
reaction), 11 (1st order), 12 (2^{nd} order), 14 (skip – too involved),
15 (3rd order), 16 (Arrhenius parameters), Problems 1 (experiment to rate law),
12, 18 (mechanisms).

The practice
problems are also useful here.** **

Use of the three assumptions
to determine rate laws from mechanisms (rate determining step, steady state
approximation, pre-equilibrium); Chain reactions; chain carriers; steps in a
chain mechanism initiation, propagation, retardation, inhibition, termination);
rate laws for chain mechanisms; explosions (thermal and chain-branching);
explosion limits in H_{2} + O_{2}
à
H_{2}O; Polymerization kinetics; Stepwise and Chain polymerization and
mechanisms; kinetic chain length; Homogenous catalysis and Enzyme kinetics,
Michaelis-Menten mechanism, maximum velocity and turnover number; Inhibition
(three types); Autocatalysis (brief); Photochemical processes and mechanisms;
Quantum yield (primary and overall); Photochemical rate laws;
Photosensitization; brief quenching.

**Chapter 27, **
Section 1, 2, 6, 7, 8.

Molecular reaction dynamics; Collision theory and using collision frequency to get collision density; Limitations on collision theory - steric requirements and activation energy; steric factor p and harpoon theory. Diffusion controlled reactions (diffusion controlled limit and activation-controlled limit); Reactive collisions and potential energy surfaces, translational and vibrational motion, attractive and repulsive surfaces.

** **

**Chapter 27: **
Exercises 4, 5, 7 (all collision theory), (15, 17
– not yet covered);** **

**Chapter 11,
**Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Quantum Mechanics; failures of classical physics (black body radiation, heat capacities of solids, line spectra, photoelectric effect); Quantum mechanical explanations for each of these; Planck distribution, constant and quantization; Particle-wave duality and the de Broglie relation; Photoelectric effect; The wavefunction and the mathematical limits on it; The Schroedinger equation; Born interpretation of the wavefunction (probability of finding the particle, energy); Normalization; Operators and observables; Eigenfunctions and eigenvalues; Quantum Mechanics; Uncertainty Principle.

** **

**Chapter 11**:
Exercises 5 (Black Body Radiation), 6, 7, 8 (de Broglie relation), 9
(Ionization, like photoelectric effect), 10 (uncertainty priciple), 11 (photon
tricks), 15 Black Body Radiation), 16 (Photoelectric effect), 18 (de Broglie
relation), 19 (uncertainty priciple), 20 (Photoelectric effect).

**Chapter 12**,
Sections 1,

Applying Quantum Mechanics to real systems; Translational motion - the particle in an n-dimensional box; Particle in a box energies, normalization, solving the Schroedinger equation, normalized wavefunctions, quantum numbers, orthogonality, bracket notation,

**Chapter 12**:
Exercises 4, 8, 9 (particle in a box)