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The definitive source of course information remains the original (paper) syllabus distributed in class.

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Spring 2006                            General Chemistry II                        Lycoming College



Course description - This course is designed to look at ions/molecules in dynamic situations.  We will focus on chemical reactions and various measurable parameters associated with reactions (equilibrium constants, energy, rates of reaction….).  Applications of these ideas to everyday life will be discussed whenever possible.


Faculty                             Responsibilities                                  Office

Dr. Chriss McDonald*    lectures, recitations                            HBC 233

Dr. Jeremy Ramsey         labs                                                    HBC 232

Dr. Lou Ann Tom            labs


*321-4186 (work) or e-mail (mcdonald@lycoming.edu)


Texts etc.

a.   Chemistry, Fourth Edition, Silberberg#

b.      Bound laboratory notebook by Freeman#

c.       Lab safety glasses@

d.   Calculator (add, subtract, multiply, divide, logs)

e.   Lab deposit, $10 at lab check-in, (refundable upon checkout). 

#available at the bookstore

@ Chem Club sells these (many stylish options)


Course format

Lectures - MWF, 11:30 – 12:20, HBC G09, Attendance required.


Recitations - Thursday, 7:45 - 8:35 am and 1:00 - 1:50 PM, HBC G09.  The primary method for evaluating chemistry students in testing situations is to have them work problems.  In recitation we will practice the same sort of problems you will see in testing situations.  Attendance expected.  I will not take attendance but I might use some of the examples discussed in recitation as exam and quiz questions.  I have found, that on the average, students who attend recitation in my courses get an average of one full letter grade higher than those who don’t attend

Assigned homework - Problems designed to enhance your understanding and prepare you for testing situations.  A key will be posted on the web (I'll provide a web address soon) and outside my office.  Homework will not be collected.  A large chunk of recitation will be devoted to working these problems.

 Laboratory -  Here you will experience what chemists actually do.  Your labwork will be evaluated as described in the lab.  A lab syllabus will be distributed at the first lab session.

 Grading scheme

a.   The final grade is based on the number of points obtained out of a possible 600 points.  I suggest trying to get as many of these points as possible.  The points will be distributed as follows:


      quizzes                                                                  60 points (10%)

      hour exams                                                          300 points (50%)

      final exam (cumulative, standardized)*              110 points (18%)

      laboratory                                                            130 points (22%)

      total                                                                     600 points (100%)


*a higher score on the final exam can be used to replace a lower score from exam 1-3.


As always you will have the opportunity to obtain bonus points through attendance at our colloquium series.  Assuming you stay for the whole show and you mind your manners you will receive 3 points per colloquium.  You may also receive up to 6 bonus points by writing a paper on a topic that we have mutually agreed upon (2-3 pages, typewritten, double spaced, with a minimum of 2 bibliographic sources.  The ceiling on bonus points (excluding bio assignment and those on exams) is 12.


Guidelines for Attending Colloquium:

i.    Be on time.

ii.   The speaker has expended a lot of effort to prepare for the talk.  Be attentive and polite.

iii.  If you can’t stay for 45 minutes for an internal speaker or 60 minutes for an external speaker, don’t come (please do not ask the speaker how long the talk will last).

iv.  Realize that questions for the speaker at the end is part of the talk and you will be expected to stay for that as well.



b.   Assignment of letter grades is based on the following scale:  540 - 600 A, 480 - 539 B,            420 - 479 C, 360 - 419 D, < 360 F.


c.       A word about learning chemistry.  Studying chemistry is hard work for most people (this is certainly true for me).  Thoreau said, “The cost of a thing is the amount of what I call life which is required to be exchanged for it”. Chemistry will certainly cost you a lot of effort (we wouldn’t have it any other way!)   I would recommend that you work on the lecture material at least one hour per day outside of class for starters.  Once you see how things are going this amount can be adjusted as needed (I suggest a significant increase in study time prior to an exam).  If you are having trouble, make sure and come and see me.  I’m easy to talk to and will do whatever I can to help you.  You will be responsible for all of the material listed on the following schedule for the indicated exams and quizzes.  It is not sufficient to learn the material from the lecture alone.  You are expected to read and think about the material prior to the lecture.  I also suggest you work problems, LOTS of problems. We must necessarily cover a large amount of material so our pace must be geared towards those who are ready to learn.  The hour exams will be somewhat cumulative in the sense that we need to know the earlier material to comprehend the latter. 


Policy on attendance

Attendance at quizzes and exams is mandatory.  No makeups will be administered.  If I am made aware of the absence beforehand and I deem the reason for the absence to be legitimate, later tests/quizzes will be averaged and used for the earlier missed exam or quiz.  Each documented, unexcused lecture absence beyond the first two will cost you one point from your total.



date        topic                                                                       text                                         quiz/exam

1/9          phase changes, qual and quant                        12.1-2

1/11        intermolecular forces                                          12.,3

1/13        liquid water, solids, phase diagrams                 12.2,5,6


1/16        aqueous solvation               , structural aspects               13.1,2 4.1,2

1/118     aqueous solvation               , quantitative aspects          13.3,4

1/20        expressing concentration, colligative properties    13.5,6                                       quiz 1


1/23        more colligative properties                                 13.6

1/25        water soluble organic molecules                       15.1,2,4

1/27        dynamic equilibrium                                           17.1,2                                     quiz 2


1/30        gaseous equilibrium, rxn quotient                    17.3,4

2/1          solving equilibrium problems                            17.5                                                                       

2/3          ………………………………………………………                                     EXAM 1


2/6          more equilbrium problems                                 17.5

2/8          Le Chβtlier, a Man and His Principle               17.6

2/10        acid-base rxns, introductory ideas                   18.1-3,8 4.4


2/13        acid-base rxns in water, pH                               18.1-3

2/15        Dr. McDonald, How Do Acid-Base Rxns Work?   18.3,6

2/17        acid-base equilibria                                             18.4                                        quiz 3


2/20        ions can be acids and bases too                       18.5,7

2/22        buffers                                                                   19.1

2/24        titrations and indicators                                     19.2                                        quiz 4


“D    E    A    D     O'     W    I    N    T    E    R”  B             R             E             A             K


3/6          titrations and indicators                                     19.2

3/8      I’ve Got Those Acid Rain Blues                    handout                

3/10        …………………………………………………………                 EXAM 2


3/13        solubility-based equilibria                                  19.3

3/15        solubility-based equilibria,                                 19.3,5

3/17        complex ions, Lewis acids-bases                      18.9 19.4                                              


3/20        transition metal complexes                                               23.4

3/22        enthalpy review, entropy                                   6.2,6 20.1,2                           quiz 5

3/24        entropy                                                                  20.2


3/27        free energy                                                            20.3,4

3/29        free energy                                                            20.3,4                    

3/31        redox rxns                                                             4.5,6                                       quiz 6                                                                                    


4/3          balancing redox rxns                                          21.1       

4/5          voltaic cells                                                           21.2                       

4/7          …………………………………………………………                 EXAM 3


4/10        standard potentials                                             21.3                                       

4/12        voltage, Nernst, K, DG, and everything           21.4

4/14        GOOD FRIDAY


4/17        kinetics overview                                                 16.1,2

4/19        rxn order                                                                16.3,4

4/21        kinetic theory and catalysis                               16.5-8                   



4/24 through 4/28                               F   I   N   A   L     E   X   A   M         W   E    E    K


Dr. Jeremy Ramsey

Heim 232



            The labs for Chem 111 consist of two quantitative analysis experiments followed by a series of qualitative analysis determinations and then two investigative labs.  Grades in lab are much more dependent on the accuracy of your results than was the case in Chem 110.  In most experiments, students will work individually on their own unknowns.  You are welcome to consult with your friends and neighbors, as well as with the teaching assistant and instructor, but please remember that your grade ultimately depends on your own work.


             Please note the following reminders concerning lab safety.  Unsafe behavior in Lab will not be tolerated.  Repeated unsafe behavior will result in a zero for that lab.



All accidents and injuries must be reported immediately.  Know the location of all exits and emergency equipment (fire extinguishers, fire blanket, eye wash, showers, etc.)  If you are unsure if you are performing a technique safely, please ask first.  Wearing contact lenses in lab is highly discouraged.   If you do wear them in lab, you MUST inform the lab instructor and the lab assistant and you MUST wear a full goggle.  Wear older clothes - they could be stained or ruined.  Above all, use common sense and your intuition—if it seems dangerous, ask first!  As a student chemist, you will be working in many situations that demand your utmost care and attention to protect the safety and health of yourself, your fellow students, and the environment.  Preparation and careful, patient work are needed to obtain the results required in each experiment.


            Your Lab Notebook should be neat, well organized, up-to-date and complete, with a Table of Contents.  Leave room to record your data, the uncertainties in measurements, and any observations about the experiment.  Use a different notebook page for each day’s data, and submit the carbon at the end of the lab period.


            Lab reports consist of the already submitted carbon copies of your notebook pages, the appropriate report form, sample calculations, and answers to any questions.  Additional instructions will be given in the prelab lectures.  For all parts of Exp. 21, there are simple report forms indicating the presence or absence of the cations in question.  Lab reports are due at the beginning of the lab as shown on the schedule below - any changes will be announced in lab.  Late labs will be penalized 10% plus 1 point per day late (weekends count as one day) and can be turned in no later than two weeks from the original experiment date.  Prelabs are due at the start of lab, and will not be accepted late. 


            In order to make-up a lab, only absences notified ahead of time will be excused.  All requests to make up a lab or attend a section other than your normal lab must go through me.  Lab make-ups must be scheduled by the end of the week that the lab is missed and must be completed by the end of the following week. Students who simply show up at a different lab section will not be admitted to that lab. 






General Chemistry 111, Lycoming College,  Spring 2006



What’s Due


10, 12

Check in; Safety; Expt. 17, Pipet Use;

Expt. 18 Set Up         

Lab Deposit, get key, buy safety glasses (if



17, 19

Expt. 18: Gravimetric Analysis for Ni2+

(50 pts.)

Start of lab: Gravimetric Pre-lab, TOA

Pipet lab report

Leave lab: Gravimetric data sheets


24, 26

Expt. 18: Gravimetric Analysis for Ni2+


Start of lab: nothing

Leave lab: Gravimetric data sheets

Jan. 31

Feb. 2

Expt. 20: Acid-Base Titration for w/w %

KHP (50 pts.)

Start of lab: KHP Pre-lab, TOA

Gravimetric lab report

Leave lab: KHP data sheets


7, 9

Expt. 20: Acid-Base Titration for w/w %

KHP (continued)       

Start of lab: nothing

Leave lab: KHP data sheets


14, 16

Expt. 21.1, Qualitative Analysis of

Cations: Group I, Unknown #1 (10 pts.)

Start of lab: Group I Pre-lab, TOA

KHP lab report

Leave lab: Group I data sheets


21, 23

Expt. 21.2,3: Qual. Analysis, Groups II

and III Known

Start of lab: Groups II & III Pre-lab, TOA

Group I lab report

Leave lab: Groups II & III data sheets

Feb. 28

Mar. 2





7, 9

Expt. 21.2,3: Groups II and III Known

and Unknown #2-3 (40 pts.)  

Start of lab: nothing

Leave lab: Groups II & III data sheets


14, 16


Expt. 21.2,3: Groups II and III Known

and Unknown #2-3 (continued)

Start of lab: nothing

Leave lab: Groups II & III data sheets and

lab report


21, 23


Expt. 22: Investigation of the Reaction

Between Fe3+ and SCN1- Ions (25 pts.)

Start of lab: Fe SCN Pre-lab, TOA

Leave lab: Fe SCN data sheets


28, 30

Expt. 22: Investigation of the Reaction

Between Fe3+ and SCN1- Ions (continued)

Start of lab: Nothing

Leave lab: Fe SCN data sheets



4, 6


Expt. 23: Synthesis of Cobalt(III)

Complex (25 pts.)

Start of lab: Cobalt Pre-lab, TOA

Fe SCN lab report

Leave lab: Cobalt data sheets


11, 13

Expt. 23: Synthesis of Cobalt(III)

Complex (continued)

Start of lab: nothing

Leave lab: Cobalt data sheets


18, 20

Checkout of Lab

Start of lab: Cobalt lab report

Leave lab: Turn in key, get deposit back


Note: The experiments as printed in the lab manual follow the order of this tentative laboratory

schedule for the Spring 2006 semester. If changes are made, you will be given a revised schedule.


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Last updated January 6, 2006.
The URL for this page is http://www.lycoming.edu/chem/spring2006/111syl.htm